Allergies and Anaphylaxis


An allergy is an adverse reaction that the body has to a particular food or substance in the environment.

peanutsSome of the most common allergens include:
grass and tree pollen (hay fever)
dust mites
animal dander (tiny flakes of skin or hair)
food allergy (particularly fruits, seafood and nuts)

medicines (including antibiotics such as penicillin)

beeSymptoms of an allergy are often mild and can include:
sneezing
wheezing
itchy eyes
skin rashes
swelling

shellfishAnaphylaxis (or anaphylactic shock) is a severe allergic reaction. The reaction can be very fast, happening within seconds or minutes of contact with the thing a person is allergic to.

When anaphylaxis occurs, a chemical called histamine is over-produced, causing one or more life-threatening Airway, Breathing or Circulation problems.


Treatment for Allergies

  • If possible, remove the allergen and flush the area of contact.
  • Give the child allergy medication such as an antihistamine.If you are not the child’s parent or guardian you must make sure that you have their consent before giving medication.

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